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Scheda di prenotazione copie volume "Mezzogiorno in progress? Non siamo meridionalisti"

Mezzogiorno in progress? Non siamo meridionalisti

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I contributi che seguono in forma sintetica sono frutto di una call paper pubblica lanciata dall’Osservatorio di Economia e Finanza per ottenere dei contributi specialmente di giovani studiosi e ricercatori sui temi del Meeting di Sorrento 2013. I contributi sono stati selezionati da una Commissione sulla base dell’attinenza, dell’innovatività, della trattazione scientifica e della chiarezza espositiva. I paper completi saranno pubblicati con gli atti del Meeting 2013.

C. BOSELLI, A. FARAMONDI, R. NARDECCHIA - L’impatto della globalizzazione sulla filiera produttiva italiana

In this paper we would like to contribute to the ongoing debate on the difficulties of the Italian economy analyzing the impact of globalization on the Italian production chain, focusing on changes in the balance of power between the firms with a strong trade with foreign countries, and the subcontractors working on commission.
The analysis focuses on changes in the last 15 years, since the introduction of the euro. To this purpose, we will use the structural business statistics collected by ISTAT on the system of company accounts and balance sheet data of the chambers of commerce, trying to catch the dynamics of productivity differentials, highlight the major structural changes in the production system and evaluate its impact on economic and financial performance.



CARLO BOSELLI
ALESSANDRO FARAMONDI
ROBERTO NARDECCHIA


M. CHAFI - La durabilità sociales ed écologique

Sustainability has different definitions depending on the current and the field of study, but guaranteed the effectiveness of human life is the protection of the ecological system. Respect for the human race and the protection of dynamic systems based on the ecological approach to sustainability Indeed, this article seeks to identify and reconsideration of indigenous people as a strong contributor to the protection of the environment. The heterogeneity leads us to observe economic and demographic imbalance between the North and South nation’s nations in the context of global sustainability. The study follows a feedback model that tested give the years 1980-2005 , 1980-2005 in reference behavior which indicates the impossibility of bridging the gap between North and South. More than that, the ratio of reserves to demand form a solid obstacle facing the transition to alternative resources and result in an economic recession which may have an effect on the well-being away. Finally, the importance of investment and transition to alternative resources is the key to minimize the gap between the South and the North. Despite this transition, experienced well-being is the most influence in the South and the North in the energy transition.

MOHAMMED CHAFI

R. LIMA - Investing in human capital to promote economic growth and social cohesion?

This study investigates the relationship between government expenditure on education and labour force participation rate over the period 1970-2010 in some countries of central and southern Europe. It is found that the investment in education could be a pre requisite for sustainable growth and make it easier to achieve societal objectives, especially in the weakest growing countries. The study employs a Data Envelope Analysis (DEA) to briefly describe some evidence on the functioning and dynamics of labour markets and to evaluate the efficiency of use of knowledge as strategy to increase growth. In addition, the paper uses a time series approach to investigate the long term relationship between human capital and its employability applying the vector autoregressive (VAR) method and the Granger-Causality test.

RITA LIMA

A. SCHINZANO - Bank customer infidelity as (in)direct factor of competitiveness

In recent years Italian credit agencies’ survival skills have been notably affected by the deep economic and financial changes in such a way as to reconsider the Corporate Governance basic policy and management, in which the increasing of productivity is subordinated to the fulfilment of existing as well as new customer satisfaction, keeping their fidelity towards the agency unchanged throughout the ages. Thus, it is currently important a prior examination of the customers’ features and a probabilistic evaluation of the factors, that could mainly affect the fidelity of the customers and the average client-agency relationship tenure, to take place by means of multivariate statistical methods. In this paper, the analysis is focussed on the customers of the Banca Popolare di Puglia e Basilicata as MIFID contract subscribers.


ANDREA SCHINZANO

F. D. D’OVIDIO, A. SCHINZANO - Employee satisfaction analysis in a bank context to increase the internal productivity

The increase in competitiveness among credit agencies has led the Corporate Governance activities towards a customer satisfaction-oriented model, as this appears even more demanding and well-informed. Customers dissatisfaction, which in the outermost cases would result in their withdrawal from the tenure with the agency, may depend on pure customers’ psychological factors, besides human and computer system unreliability, unable to guarantee the supply of a high-quality service. On a first level, the analysis of the agencies’ employee satisfaction may verify the quality status of the supplied services and individualize which of the agency’s internal instruments need intervention, apt to increase its productivity both on qualitative and quantitative principles. Once, the employees’ criteria in evaluating the available instrument have been understood by means of classification-tree method, and which of these are more positively or negatively connected to the synthetic index of Employee Satisfaction, the underlying factors (visible or not), determining the dis(satisfaction) of the personnel, need to be individualised by means of a structural equation model. The analysis has been led on the basis of the BNL survey addressed to its internal employees in 2011.

FRANCESCO DOMENICO D’OVIDIO
ANDREA SCHINZANO

ASSOCIAZIONE PROSPETTIVA EUROPEA - Cooperazione, Decentramento, Sussidarietà

In a mediterranean context characterised by deep social, economic and geopolitical changes, the relevance of the development initiatives promoted by local authorities and civil society organisations, gradually increases. The present report aims to analyze the prospects for development to productivity and employment in the euromediterranean region, in light of the opportunities offered by the european programmes and the financial resources allocated by the European Neighbourhood Policy. The analysis of the new instruments of decentralized cooperation highlights the potential driving force of the regional authorities in the creation of conditions for investment attractiveness in the “Mezzogiorni” through the valorisation of the local peculiarities, the effective representation of the territorial instances and the concrete implementation of a key concept of the process of european construction: the Subsidiarity principle, in the two dimensions, horizontal and vertical.

ASSOCIAZIONE PROSPETTIVA EUROPEA

A. DE SENA - Sharing care for democracy: the principle of horizontal subsidiarity and the common goods

The limits and the forms in the exercise of popular sovereignty – as we can read in the Article 2 of the Italian Constitution – can find a significant expansion in terms of challenges and opportunities, as for participatory democracy as in building a new and responsible welfare system, if we read it together with the principle of horizontal subsidiarity, contained in the Article 118, last paragraph, of the Italian Constitution. «The State, regions, metropolitan cities, provinces and municipalities shall promote the autonomous initiatives of citizens, both as individuals and as members of associations, relating to activities of general interest, on the basis of the principle of subsidiarity»: when the Constitution legitimizes and promotes the autonomous initiatives of citizens relating to activities of general interest, it introduces a further dimension of prerogatives connected to citizenship, since it is not limited to delegative democracy. The field of the shared care of the common goods represents the most tangible and most effective way for citizens to express and put into practice instances of participative democracy. On the basis of the principle of horizontal subsidiarity, citizens can actually organize themselves and react, especially when a neglectful approach or a regime of exploitation may compromise the non-rivalry and the non-excludability both characterizing common goods. Starting from these theoretical assumptions and making use of the research carried out by "Labsus – Laboratory for the subsidiarity", this paper will contain an exposition of the best practices dealing with the shared care of the common goods, that have been put into practice both in Italy and abroad. The aim of this examination is proving that active citizens represent an effective resource for the innovation and the strengthening of the welfare system, considering the current context in which local governments have to plan and to implement public policies, since they have been facing limited resources, increasing complexity, the challenges of social integration and the reduction of inequalities. As a consequence of active citizens taking care of the communities where they live, local governments are required to have regulatory and planning tools, such as to empower the partnership with both citizens and companies that, as provided by their CSR policies, choose to be partners. A critical issue emerges from the profile of the regulation of the relationship between local governments and citizens, relating to both the theory and the practice of participative democracy: it concerns the effects of the enforcement of the principle of horizontal subsidiarity on the decision-making process and the responsibilities of the decision-maker. On the other hand, we cannot but consider that the origins of participative democracy lie in individual rights and that their contents, both positive and negative, are provided by Constitution. So, participative democracy is required to be compatible with representative democracy, in order to protect the contents of individual rights from undue interferences: instances of 201 participatory democracy must act on political institutions rather than on the sphere of legal constraints. The presentation of these issues is functional to define and to limit the relationships between the partners involved in the construction of the welfare system based on the shared care of the commons. In the development of this perspective and once clarified the strengths and the most insidious aspects of the assumptions on which this proposal is based, a pilot subject must be designed, which should, first of all, facilitate dialogue between local governments, active citizens and companies. Following this track, during the spring of 2013, at the University LUISS "Guido Carli", "Laboratory for the governance of the commons – LabGov" has been activated. Starting from helping to monitor the experiences of civic maintenance of the common goods in Italy, nowadays it is working on joint planning in this field and on training projects about horizontal subsidiarity, as a resource both for the exercise of the prerogatives of citizenship and for social innovation.

AMALIA DE SENA

R. FERRARI - The South of Italy, The strategic role of the South in the Mediterranean area

The new Mediterranean context is the result of the growing interconnection between people and places, the result of technological advances and information; globalization. It covers the international markets and financial services. The countries of the Southern Mediterranean have grown in recent years. The Mediterranean is at the heart of trade with Asian and African countries. South of Italy thinks that, the argument in question is a good solution to the great problem of Italy; historical division in North and South, a solution for a new image for the southern regions. There are very important priorities to be integrated in order to make our country competitive. Business and valid proposals are necessary in this moment first of all for Italy, in particular for the South. Italy is at the center of the economic revolution. The political class play a very important role to propose initiatives in order to make Italy the intermediary for excellence in the Mediterranean context. Trade, investment, job growth and productivity: the 4 key elements to ensure the development for Italy and Mediterranean area.

ROBERTA FERRARI

A. VINCENZO - Inclusione sociale e invecchiamento attivo. I tasselli essenziali di una società innovativa

The principle purpose of this project is to operate in cultural and social field of a small silan country: Bocchigliero. Specifically, Our aim is to create a sort of detailed “recipe book” based on the principle processes of preparation and preservation of the most important traditional products of typical silan gastronomy. This project is founded on a process of osmosis elder -younger which is realized through organized courses, in the municipal structure called “EQUIPPED AREA”, where elders should have the possibility of communicate their know-how to young people in exchanging of assistance as reguard all old age needs. Ultimately, principle goals are: Promote active aging, allowing to the silan elder a good quality of life, exploiting their physical, social and psychological qualities; create welfarism for elders; promote solidarity among generations.

ALESSANDRO VINCENZO

E. FERRAGINA, DESIRÉE A.L. QUAGLIAROTTI - Food Security and Environment in the Mediterranean

The environment is one of the constraints to socio-economic development of the Mediterranean. The effects of climate change on the two fundamental resources for agriculture production - land and water ( soil degradation, desertification, reduction in the availability of water for crops, declining crop yields ) - impact on the agrofood balance in countries of North Africa and the Middle East. In a context of strong dependence on the international market, the increase in the price of basic foodstuffs occurred in recent years has resulted in a deterioration of the socioeconomic conditions of the poorest population, contributing to the outbreak of the Arab Spring. A possible contribution to the Conference could focus on these issues, trying to find the link between environment and development in a region that has a high level of exposure to risks related to climate change and where food security represents one of the strategic issues for the future of the area.
EUGENIA FERRAGINA
DESIRÉE A.L. QUAGLIAROTTI

A. PICELLO - South Korea and the EU Strengthen Their Strategic Partnership

Increased Legal Certainty Creates More Business Opportunities According to the European Commission, within the next 15 years 90% of the world demand will be generated outside Europe. It is vital to seize the opportunities offered by the recent changes in the legal framework, which increases legal certainty and empowers business players to leverage such changes. Westward, the envisaged EU-USA Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership (TTIP) is finally stepping into a more pragmatic stage. It is reported that trade between the USA and the European Union countries currently accounts for almost half of the global economic output, but the scenario is changing quickly. Eastward, a milestone has been set: the bilateral Free Trade Agreement (FTA) executed between South Korea and the European Union is “the EU’s first trade deal with an Asian country” and “the most ambitious trade agreement ever negotiated by the EU”. In fact, the dramatic effect of the FTA on exports by EU companies can be easily summarized as follows: (i) before the FTA, overall exports by EU companies to South Korea enjoyed an annual average growth rate of 7%; (ii) with the FTA, in the first year, exports by EU companies to South Korea increased by 37% overall. Moreover, between July 2011 and March 2012, the EU’s investment in South Korea jumped about 60% from the year before. Considering that investment by EU companies in South Korea from July 2010 to March 2011 dropped about 48% year-on-year, the FTA played a major role in boosting investment. At the same time, there was a near doubling in the value of Korean companies’ acquisitions of European businesses, up to about $1.3 billion in 2012 (from $756 million in 2011).
ANTEO PICELLO

C. POTI' - Know-how as key-factor for succession in the companies Knowledge management for business growth and generational shift

The succession in the companies is a central concept for Italian socio-economic system. By analyzing data, we observe that the number of companies characterized by negative trends are mainly those whose owners are aged between 35 and 50 years. In addition, only the 20% of Italian companies having small size (about 95% with less than ten employees), family-run features (approximately 93%) and advanced age of the owner, is able to hold over the third generation. Companies need a suitable strategic plan to reduce risks and to achieve a "rational" succession. In the age of the "knowledge economy", a key factor in this process is the knowhow as primary intangible asset, essential to reach a competitive advantage and to 204 overcome the growth and productivity gains challenge. It seems necessary for a company to manage the explicit knowledge and to codify and transfer the tacit knowledge, by building an appropriate Knowledge management system, sustained by relative corporate cultural changes, which in turn may promotes processes and steps of the "knowledge value chain".

CARLO POTI'

R. AMBROSIO - Bad loans and de novo banks: evidence from Italy

The existing empirical evidence suggests that there is a “winner’s curse” for banks entering new markets. Actually, de novo banks generally experience higher bad loans rates than mature banks for about ten years. We investigate whether this persistence has characterized the Italian banking industry in the period 1995-2010, and find that theory predictions are confirmed by empirical results. This evidence is robust to different model specifications. We also show that cooperative credit banks (CCBs) perform better the others banks, due to their focus on local markets.

RACHELE ANNA AMBROSIO
PAOLO COCCORESE

M. D’ ANGIOLO - The property assets of Sorrento-Amalfi landscape and the enhancement of its agricultural supply chain

Since 1999, in the Development Scheme of European Space (Council of Ministers responsible for Spatial Planning, 1999), the strengthening of the European Union’s social and economic cohesion has been based on the territorial development meant as a sustainable development of the European space, aimed at protecting and enhancing the territorial diversity such as richness, above all in the perspective of globalization process. In particular, it is exactly the cultural and natural asset protection and the territorial diversity enhancement to be among the main targets of the development. The European Union policy generally recognises and protects the great diversities of the territory, but it has only little effect on the promotion and enhancement of the quality of the inherited landscapes. In particular, specific measures, like the ones proposed by the reform of the common agricultural policy CAP, generally tend to protect more producers than producing communities, and to guarantee more goods than means of production. 205 The connection between the cultural values of the local communities and the morphological features of the inhabited territory seems to be strong and mutual, therefore sustainability plans must be supported and fulfilled by means of sharing strategies and community participation. The area between Sorrento and Amalfi, which is under the environmental protection law, still has an active social role in contemporary society, strongly connected to traditional lifestyles, in which the development process is still ongoing. Thus, the community participation, both as assessment object and tool, seems to be the central theme. It is associated with the several phases of the territory governance and passes though the social and civil networks, which are interlinked by local cultural resources and institutions. The strategies of local development projects must enhance the civil and social networks, in order to allow a concrete reorganization of the landscape. The assessment-planning procedure recreates the territorialisation process, it restores the landscape, it individualises the territory system composed of links, networks and hierarchies. It upgrades the sediment as the main element of the landscape, or rather it enhances the territorial assets in economic terms (Magnaghi, 2005). The landscape system of the Peninsula Sorrento-Amalfi is characterised by a dense network of relationships, such as: - Slow city and Slow food chains, - Member Institutions of the Associazione Nazionale Città del Vino, - Municipal Designation, - Consortium connected to different local productions, in particular those provided with protection trademark. The present paper aims at examining the dense network of relationship that are to be enhanced and structured as governance process, which reorganises valued landscape, developing a cultural-economic district based on local know-how productions, and in particular on agricultural and food products.

MARIANNA D’ ANGIOLO

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